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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Cultural innovation and translation in the Eastern Cape: Jan Tzatzoe, Xhosa intellectual and the making of an African Gospel, 1817-1833
Author:Levine, Roger S.ISNI
Periodical:African Historical Review (ISSN 1753-2531)
Geographic term:South Africa
colonial history
Xhosa language
About person:Jan Tzatzoe (c. 1792-1868)ISNI
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17532523.2010.517401
Abstract:This article describes the construction of a truly African Bible on the London Missionary Society's Eastern Cape Buffalo River mission station (South Africa) in the early years of the colonial encounter. Largely unacknowledged in the historical record, the isiXhosa translations were made in an intellectual partnership involving Jan Tzatzoe, a cultural and intellectual intermediary and innovator, and two European missionaries, John Brownlee and Friedrich Gottlob Kayser. A particular focus is Tzatzoe's breakthrough in moving the depiction of Jesus Christ towards Christ as Xhosa healer or 'physician'. The article builds upon the renewed scholarly attention directed towards intermediaries by examining African involvement in the creation of crucial discourses and the conditions under which colonial texts were produced. It is suggested that Tzatzoe and other African linguistic intermediaries might be thought of as the vanguard of an African intellectual tradition born in the colonial encounter. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]