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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Diaspora, faith, and science: building a Mouride hospital in Senegal
Authors:Foley, Ellen E.ISNI
Babou, Cheikh AntaISNI
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society (ISSN 1468-2621)
Geographic term:Senegal
Muslim brotherhoods
State-society relationship
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/41240170
Abstract:This article examines a development initiative spearheaded by the members of a transnational diaspora - the creation of a medical hospital in the holy city of Touba in central Senegal. Although the construction of the hospital is decidedly a philanthropic project, H˘pital Matlaboul Fawzaini is better understood as part of the larger place-making project of the Muridiyya and the pursuit of symbolic capital by a particular Mouride 'dahira'. The 'dahira''s project illuminates important processes of forging global connections and transnational localities, and underscores the importance of understanding the complex motivations behind diaspora development. The hospital's history reveals the delicate negotiations between State actors and diaspora organizations, and the complexities of public-private partnerships for development. In a reversal of State withdrawal in the neoliberal era, a diaspora association was able to wrest new financial commitments from the State by completing a large infrastructure project. Despite this success, the authors argue that these kinds of projects, which are by nature uneven and sporadic, reflect particular historical conjunctures and do not offer a panacea for the failure of State-led development. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]