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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Extent and determinants of household poverty in rural Ethiopia: a study of six villages
Author:Alemu, Dawit
Year:2011
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Volume:27
Issue:2
Pages:21-49
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:rural poverty
livelihoods
rural households
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/eastern_africa_social_science_research_review/v027/27.2.alemu.pdf
Abstract:This study examines the extent and determinants of income poverty in selected rural villages located in different parts of Ethiopia. The results confirm that there is abject rural poverty in the study areas. Some 66 percent of the sample households are below the poverty line defined in official documents. The analysis of possible determinants of household poverty reveal that family size, land and livestock holdings, diversification in crop production, engagement in non-farm activities and utilization of microfinance services are important correlates. Increased livelihood asset holdings, in terms of land and livestock, crop diversification, and engagement in non-farm activities are positively related to improved household welfare. Differences in community level natural resource endowments in terms of quality of land resources and microclimatic conditions appear to have significant influence on the probability of households to be non-poor, through its impacts on crop productivity, as annual incomes are higher in villages where crop production constitutes the primary source of household income. These results underline the importance of enhancing the poor's livelihood asset endowments, agricultural intensification, livelihood diversification and pursuing of geographically differentiated strategies in poverty reduction efforts. Finally, the inverse relationship between household sizes and poverty status of households demonstrates the need for promoting family planning. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]
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