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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Unions and the gender wage gap in South Africa
Authors:Casale, DanielaISNI
Posel, DorritISNI
Periodical:Journal of African Economies (ISSN 0963-8024)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:gender inequality
wage differentials
trade unions
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/1/27.full.pdf
Abstract:Studies of the wage effects of trade unions in South Africa have been concerned largely with the impact of union membership on the wages of African and white male workers. Consistent with findings in the international literature, these studies have concluded that unions compress the distribution of wages in South Africa, and more specifically, that racial inequality is lower in the union sector than in the non-union sector. This paper explores whether unions in South Africa are associated with comparable gender wage effects among African workers, using data collected in the nationally representative Labour Force Surveys. Contrary to initial expectations, the authors find that when wage estimations control for broad occupational sorting by gender in union and non-union employment, then the gender wage gap is larger in the union sector than in the non-union sector. They also consider how possible selection into union status affects their estimates, and demonstrate the difficulty of addressing this problem in the South African context by evaluating a variety of selection models. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]