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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Rape in contemporary warfare: the role of globalization in wartime sexual violence
Author:Meger, SaraISNI
Periodical:African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review (ISSN 2156-7263)
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
sexual offences
mineral resources
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2979/africonfpeacrevi.1.1.100
Abstract:The systematic rape of women has been a regular feature of war, and in today's civil conflicts, rape is a systematic and brutal weapon used by armed groups against civilian populations. Civil conflict has become the primary form of warfare around the world, employing smaller arms and less conventional tactics than traditional inter-State wars. It is in this context that rape has become a central feature of contemporary war. This article examines the function of rape in contemporary conflict and then explains the wider systemic factors that construct sexual violence as an effective and strategic weapon of war. The article argues that the extreme forms of sexual violence being used in contemporary conflicts are a result of the nature and context of these conflicts. Using the Democratic Republic of Congo as a case study, the article argues that the extreme levels of sexual violence being witnessed in this conflict are a direct outcome of the changed nature of conflict, which is itself a consequence of processes of international globalization and the international scramble for scarce resources. Sexual violence is used as a tool by which armed groups compete for access to resources, notably coltan. The shadow economy of the DRC has been institutionalized to a point that the entire country is reliant on war-based economic exploitation. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]