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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethiopia and the Mahdiyya: You call me a chicken?
Author:Erlich, HaggaiISNI
Periodical:Journal of Ethiopian Studies (ISSN 0304-2243)
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Subjects:international relations
interreligious relations
political history
About persons:Yohannes IV keizer van EthiopiŽ (-1889)
Menelik II; emperor of Ethiopia (1844-1913)ISNI
Abstract:Much of the dynamism underlying the relations between Ethiopia and Mahdist Sudan can be traced to border issues, centre-periphery relations and personal rivalries within both the Mahdiyya and Ethiopia. However, the relations between the Sudanese Mahdiyya and Ethiopia of emperors Yohannes IV (1872-1889) and Menelik II (1889-1913) were also a story of an Islamic-Christian encounter and confrontation. The present paper focuses on this aspect of Ethiopia-Sudan relations during the last two decades of the 19th century. It shows the multifaceted nature of old Islamic and old Christian legacies, even in a period of fundamentalist, seemingly noncompromising leadership in confrontation. The Islamic Mahdist side chose from the varied reservoir of Islamic concepts of Ethiopia according to unfolding situations. The Christian Ethiopian side first viewed the Mahdists in demonizing terms and ended by cultivating a diplomatic, pragmatic dialogue with an Islamic State. In the final analysis, it demonstrated that nothing was pre-detrimental, even when seemingly antagonizing religious beliefs were strongly at work. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]