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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The roots of land struggles in Uganda: a case study of Kibaale district
Author:Magezi, James WilsonISNI
Periodical:Uganda Journal (ISSN 0041-574X)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Uganda
East Africa
Subjects:land conflicts
land tenure
History, Archaeology
Land tenure--Uganda--History
Kibaale District (Uganda)
Abstract:This article discusses land relations and ownership in Kibaale, Uganda, during the precolonial, colonial and postcolonial period, in a bid to establish the roots of land struggles in the district. It zeroes in on changes in the precolonial land tenure system, the commoditization of land and the land policies of both colonial and postcolonial regimes. The resistance of the Banyoro against the invading Anglo-Ganda colonial forces in 1893-1899 marked the beginning of land struggles in Kibaale. In 1894 the British commissioner to Uganda, Colonel Colville, carved out part of Bunyoro's land and gave it to the Baganda as a reward for their support. Subsequently the 1900 Buganda Agreement changed the precolonial land tenure system, which was largely communal, to the 'mailo' land system, which promoted private ownership of land. This turned land into a commodity which could be bought at a market price and created a class of absentee landowners and tenants. The end result was land struggles, which have persisted in Kibaale to date, the postcolonial regime having missed several opportunities to resolve the issue. It is recommended that the government expedite the purchase of land from absentee landlords, distribute it to the current tenants and legalize them as the bona fide owners. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]