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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:How slaves used Islam: the letters of enslaved Muslim commercial agents in the nineteenth-century Niger bend and Central Sahara
Author:Hall, Bruce S.ISNI
Year:2011
Periodical:The Journal of African History (ISSN 0021-8537)
Volume:52
Issue:3
Pages:279-297
Language:English
Geographic terms:Mali
Sahara
Subjects:slaves
brokers
letters
Islam
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/41480241
Abstract:Historians of slavery in Africa have long struggled to recover the voices of enslaved people. In this article, an unusual set of sources found in Timbuktu (Mali) reveals the existence of a stratum of literate, Muslim slaves who wrote and received letters written in Arabic. These letters make it possible to probe the Islamic rhetoric used by Muslim slaves and ask how enslaved people who adopted Islam understood their faith. Did Muslim slaves arrive at different interpretations of Islam than those Muslims who were free? Using the correspondence of two slaves who worked as agents in their master's commercial activities in the Niger Bend and Central Sahara during the second half of the nineteenth century, this article demonstrates the extent to which Muslim slaves used appeals to their own piety in attempting to carve out a certain amount of social autonomy. For these Muslim slaves, Islam could be made to serve both spiritual and practical ends. And yet, this did not require slaves to interpret Islam in ways that rejected the legitimacy of slavery. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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