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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The temperance movement and wine farmers at the Cape: collective action, racial discourse, and legislative reform, c. 1890-1965
Author:Nugent, PaulISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History (ISSN 0021-8537)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:alcohol policy
interest groups
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/41480244
Abstract:Embedded in the politics of segregation and apartheid, but following a distinct trajectory, the liquor question was one of the issues that most animated South African politics in the first half of the twentieth century. This article addresses the struggle between the temperance and wine interests in South Africa during three phases: 1890-1920, 1920-1948 and 1948-1965. It argues that divergent outcomes were rooted in a combination of differential levels of internal cohesion and the configuration of the political arena within which the protagonists manoeuvred for advantage. Conflicting interests within the wine industry hindered collective action, whereas the temperance movement derived strength from its decentralized modes of operation and international connections. The latter pioneered mass action alongside the art of lobbying. After 1948, the wine industry turned the tables by cementing a special relationship with the National Party, while tapping into popular nationalism, youth culture, and emergent consumerism. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]