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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Benign accommodation? 'ukuthwala', 'forced marriage' and the South African Children's Act
Authors:Mwambene, LeaISNI
Sloth-Nielsen, JuliaISNI
Periodical:African Human Rights Law Journal (ISSN 1609-073X)
Geographic term:South Africa
customary law
children's rights
family law
Abstract:In this article, the authors evaluate the implications of the South African Children's Act 38 of 2005 for 'ukuthwala'. 'Ukuthwala' in South Africa is a practice whereby, as a preliminary procedure to a customary marriage, a young man forcibly takes a girl to his home. In recent times, the practice has taken on other dimensions, including very young girls being married to older men and charges of abduction being laid. Questions arise relating to the impact of constitutional principles upon this customary law and practice. It is suggested that, instead of adopting an a priori prohibitionist stance towards customs that seem to violate human rights norms, benign accommodation that promotes the positive aspects of culture should be sought. This approach leads to a conclusion that South African law should recognize those forms of 'ukuthwala' where the requirement of the consent of the 'bride' is met. The implications of the prohibition on social and cultural practices detrimental to child well-being in the Children's Act 38 of 2005 are framed in this context. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]