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Title:Failure of a national construction of belonging: social integration of Burkinabe migrants displaced from Côte d'Ivoire
Author:Riester, AndreaISNI
Periodical:African Diaspora: a Journal of Transnational Africa in a Global World (ISSN 1872-5457)
Geographic terms:Burkina Faso
Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
return migration
social integration
migration policy
External link:https://hdl.handle.net/10.1163/187254611x607750
Abstract:This case study analyses how the government of Burkina Faso tried to rhetorically and practically integrate migrants who returned to the country in the wake of the Ivoirian civil war in 2002. Their experience of migration and displacement has shaped these migrants' political subjectivity but not led to the creation of a separate group identity. In Burkina Faso, however, these so-called 'rapatriés' were seen as a homogeneous group and either treated as needy victims of persecution, or, following the current international discourse on migration and development, as particularly enterprising individuals. In describing different political subjectivities amongst the displaced in their interaction with local authorities in the town of Batié, in combination with efforts of the administration to implement particular development goals, the article also reflects on Peter Geschiere's argument, that decentralization and the resulting decline in State power fuels autochthony claims. In the Burkinabe case it is not the absence of the State, but rather its entanglement with local actors, that heightens ethnic tensions. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]