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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Botswana: a development-oriented gate-keeping State
Author:Hillbom, EllenISNI
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society (ISSN 1468-2621)
Geographic term:Botswana
economic history
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/41494466
Abstract:Due to a combination of exceptional economic growth and social development, Botswana has been hailed as an African developmental State. This article rejects the developmental State theory and instead attempts to build an alternative theoretical model. It argues that from the 1930s until the present, Botswana has experienced a State structure characterized by natural resource dependency, lack of economic diversification, a dual society, selective social development and a close connection between the economic and political elite. In the tentative theoretical model presented and discussed in the article, these are all defining traits of a gate-keeping State. It is hence argued that while Botswana's socioeconomic development since independence should in no way be underestimated, it is better understood as the efforts of a development-oriented gate-keeping State rather than a developmental State. Response by Ian Taylor in: African Affairs, vol. 111, no. 444 (2012), p. 466-476. Response to Ian Taylor by Ellen Hillbom in: African Affairs, vol. 111, no. 444 (2012), p. 477-482. Ref., sum. [Journal abstract]