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Title:Migration, citizenship and autochthony: strategies and challenges for State-building in Côte d'Ivoire
Author:Mitchell, Matthew I.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Contemporary African Studies (ISSN 0258-9001)
Geographic term:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
nation building
national identity
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02589001.2012.664415
Abstract:Although migration has for some time been an important topic in African studies, the 'politics of migration' remain relatively underexamined. While there is a substantial body of literature on migration and economic development, much less is known about the impact of migration on other State-building processes. The upsurge of autochthony discourses throughout much of Africa is a recent phenomenon and an alarming trend that reveals the increased politicization of migration and the challenge these discourses pose to State-building. This article uses Côte d'Ivoire as a case study to shed light on the complex relationship between migration and State-building. The observations from this country provide unique insights into the markedly different ways in which migration can impact State-building processes. While the role of autochthony discourses in the Ivoirian conflict has been documented, the article provides a fresh look at a new chapter in the protracted crisis in Côte d'Ivoire, as it examines the continued role of these discourses in fuelling political violence, most recently following the 2010 elections. In so doing, it provides new insights into the enduring nature of autochthony, highlighting the contemporary challenges that these discourses pose for both migrants and State-building. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]