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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Feminizing development: the political sociology of female tokenism in the Nigerian project
Author:Ebohon, Sylvanus I.
Periodical:African and Asian Studies (ISSN 1569-2094)
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:gender inequality
government policy
political participation
political action
Niger Delta conflict
External link:https://doi.org/10.1163/15692108-12341242
Abstract:This paper interrogates the phenomena of gendered development and gendered opportunity structures in Nigeria, based on women and governance in the postcolonial period, and the role of women in the Niger Delta resource control struggle. It is argued that while female participation has recorded steady growth, there is a discordant relationship between quantitative growth in women's participation and women's empowerment. The rising female profile under President Goodluck Jonathan in the national executive space marks the rise of a top-down approach to feminization, and the capacity of women to carve autonomous political space may be limited by the declining profile of a bottom-up approach to female presence in elective offices. Suffering considerable limitations in terms of access to resources for production such as land, capital and labour, women remain fringe players in the national political process, being denied sufficient space in the decision making structures of the State. The role of women in the struggle for resource control in the Niger Delta has been characterized by 'expressive activism' (such as peaceful marching, round table negotiations and open appeals), mainly in support of the 'instrumental activism' of the men. The author concludes that women's activism marks, at best, 'token feminization of the struggle'. App., bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract, edited]