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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Provision of local services by tribal administrations in Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1900-1966
Author:Makgala, Christian JohnISNI
Periodical:South African Historical Journal (ISSN 0258-2473)
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:local government
colonial administration
public services
traditional rulers
native reserves
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02582473.2012.661754
Abstract:This paper demonstrates how the tribal administrations in Bechuanaland Protectorate (now Botswana) which included the tribal reserves of Kgatla, Nguato, Ngwaketse, Tswana and Kwena, despite severe logistical, financial and personnel constraints, played a significant role in the provision of the much needed local services from as early as 1900. In some East and West African colonies this began only in the 1950s after the Second World War and towards independence. Moreover, the tribal administrations in Bechuanaland were able to do this in spite of constraints of inefficiency and conservatism of some Chiefs, and the ill-treatment of the subject tribes (subject to the Tswana tribes which were considered 'master' tribes). Therefore, it is argued that the tribal administration in Bechuanaland had a developmental thrust which may explain the uniqueness of post-colonial Botswana, which took a completely different route to that of other Sub-Saharan African countries in terms of service delivery. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]