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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Atlantic slave trade from Angola: a port-by-port estimate of slaves embarked, 1701-1867
Author:Domingues da Silva, Daniel B.
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies (ISSN 0361-7882)
Geographic term:Angola
Subjects:slave trade
Abstract:Angola served as the principal source of slaves for the Americas in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Estimates of the number of slaves leaving the region usually focus on the two principal Portuguese ports of embarkation, Luanda and Benguela. These estimates rarely provide information on the number of slaves leaving African controlled ports such as Cabina, Molembo, and the Congo River. After presenting an overview of the earlier estimates, this paper aims to correct this imbalance by providing a port-by-port estimate of slaves leaving West Central Africa in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The author's estimates are based on 'Voyages: the trans-Atlantic slave-trade database', a website that hosts the most complete database of slaving voyages available to the public. The figures show that the trade from Angola expanded continuously from the eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth centuries with captives embarked from several ports along the coast of Angola. The author argues that the number of individuals transported was related to the demand for labour in the Americas, the Portuguese attempts to control the trade between Brazil and Angola, and the British efforts to suppress it. App., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]