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|Periodical article||Leiden University catalogue||WorldCat|
|Title:||Do religious beliefs influence use of contraception among currently married women in Nigeria?|
|Authors:||Osuafor, Godswill N.|
Mturi, Akim J.
|Periodical:||Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)|
|Abstract:||The relationship between religious beliefs and use of contraception may vary from one country to another depending on how homogenous a country is and whether there are different religious groups. The paper examines the effect of religion on the use of contraception among married women in Nigeria. Data from four Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys were used for this purpose. Use of contraception is still very low in Nigeria and the trend has not been very encouraging. By 2008, the contraceptive prevalence rate was only 15 percent. The bivariate analysis indicates a strong effect of religion on the use of contraception over time, which was confirmed by the introduction of control variables in the multivariate analysis.The paper concludes that there is sufficient evidence that religious beliefs have an influence on contraceptive use in Nigeria. Christians are more likely to use contraception than their Muslim counterparts. The study also shows that other factors that influence use of contraception include the education and occupation of women, number of living children, rural-urban residence and region. Efforts to increase contraceptive usage in Nigeria should target religious leaders and put more emphasis on raising the status of women and promoting region-specific programmes. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]|