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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Conversion and reversion in the power accession narrative: Muslim prayer groups in Nigeria
Author:Sanni, Amidu Olalekan
Periodical:Journal of Oriental and African Studies
Geographic term:Nigeria
religious conversion
Islamic movements
interreligious relations
Abstract:This article describes the reactions of Yoruba Muslims to what was considered Christian 'warfare' in the religious, educational and political spheres since before independence in 1960. The author refers to J.D.Y. Peel (2000), C. Staewen (1996) and M. Last (1988) for his characterization of Yoruba religious affiliations as essentially power-oriented: the status of the protagonist of any faith (whether native, Muslim or Christian) depends largely on his reputation and ability to provide access to sources of power and to solve mundane problems of his followers. Especially with the outbreak of Pentecostalism, which utilized its instrument of faith for spiritual healing with a strong emphasis on material well-being, the need for Islam to employ initiatives to retain its adherents became pressing. YOUMBAS (Young Muslim Brothers and Sisters) was established at Ibadan in 1974 as a response to the Christian conversion market, and over the last twenty years Muslim youth prayer movements appeared. The most influential and fastest growing of these prayer movements is NASFAT (Nasru-lahi-il-lathi Society of Nigeria), which has branches in all states of Yorubaland and in some states of the North, including Abuja. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]