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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Women's health, economic health: a cross-national study of nine sub-Saharan countries
Author:Hage, Gloria
Periodical:African Anthropologist (ISSN 1024-0969)
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:women's health
economic development
External link:http://www.codesria.org/IMG/pdf/1-Hage.pdf
Abstract:This article analyses whether a country's investment in comprehensive women's health care translates into increased economic growth. Very few studies consider the possible direct correlation between the physical health of women and a country's economic productivity. This study fills part of this gap by examining the health status of women in nine sub-Saharan African countries (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Niger, Nigeria and Swaziland), using World Health Organization data over various time periods. Health aspects examined include women's life expectancy, fertility and infant mortality, maternal mortality and availability of skilled birth attendants, contraceptive use, HIV/AIDS prevalence and antiretroviral therapy, and tuberculosis prevalence and treatment. Health status was then compared to each country's economic growth, derived from measures of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Gross National Income (GNI), and the Human Development Index (HDI). The data show that where women's health status is high, economic growth is high, and where women's health status is low, economic growth is low. The article concludes that women's health must be ensured, not only from an ethical perspective, but also in order to build economically strong countries. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract, edited]