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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Promising developments? Children, youth and post-genocide reconstruction under the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)
Authors:Pells, Kirrily
Pontalti, Kirsten
Williams, Timothy P.
Year:2014
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Studies (ISSN 1753-1063)
Volume:8
Issue:2
Pages:294-310
Language:English
Geographic term:Rwanda
Subjects:government policy
Front Patriotique Rwandais
youth
children's rights
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17531055.2014.892672
Abstract:Children and youth, in whom visions of national development are invested, are central to post-conflict State-building efforts. In the case of Rwanda, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) has initiated an ambitious programme of State re-engineering that seeks to transform Rwanda into a knowledge-based economy and thereby achieve middle-income status by 2020. Success or failure of this imagined future is largely contingent on the 65 percent of the population under age 25. Through cross-analysis of three research studies, this paper explores how RPF policies have converged with the lives of children and youth, so as to get a pulse on the post-genocide micro-social environment. It assesses how the RPF's policies related to children's rights, school-based education and transitions to adulthood have affected the lives, expectations and aspirations of young people. It is argued that the RPF's commitment to rapid reconstruction and development, such as universal access to education, has resulted in promising developments for young people. However, the purposive imposition of the government's goals is predicated on a specific vision of a promised future that is often at odds with young people's daily realities. This dynamic risks generating a new sense of exclusion for many young people. Thus, as the RPF moves forward with its Vision 2020 goals, it must do so with a nuanced assessment of how these policies interact with young people's experiences. While young people largely subscribe to the RPF's visionary approach to development, where it contradicts their daily realities, young people's responses weigh heavily on the possibility of the vision of either the RPF - or young people - being fully realized. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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