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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Of colonists, migrants and national identity: the historic difficulties of the socio-political construction of Equatorial Guinea
Author:Aixelà, Yolanda
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies (ISSN 1459-9465)
Geographic term:Equatorial Guinea
Subjects:national identity
social stratification
External link:http://www.njas.helsinki.fi/pdf-files/vol22num1-2/aixela.pdf
Abstract:The aim of this article is to explain from a historical perspective the obstacles facing the construction of a national identity in contemporary Equatorial Guinea. It shows that during the colonial period, whites were given priority over the black African population, except in the case of the black Fernandino Bioko elite which was the only black population group that enjoyed wealth and privilege. This is explained within the socioeconomic framework of a colony in which Bioko needed to import labour both from other regions of the country and from other African countries in order to guarantee economic growth. A hierarchical and unequal political system was established, in which skin color determined the barriers of social hierarchies. During the post-colonial period, under the dictatorships of Francisco Macías Nguema and Teodoro Obiang Nguema, the supremacy of the Fang was encouraged in order to create a political identification based on a single cultural identity, that of the dictators. While Equatorial Guinea presents a high level of cultural diversity, up till now the political goals of integration and greater egalitarianism have not been realized as the country has entered a dictatorial loop which remains in place today. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]