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Title:African intellectuals and cultural diversity: discussions of the ethnic question in Equatorial Guinea
Author:Sá, Ana Lúcia
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies (ISSN 1459-9465)
Geographic term:Equatorial Guinea
External link:https://njas.fi/njas/article/view/168/159
Abstract:Given that one of the Pan African Anthropology Association's principle lines of research is the monitoring of ethnic conflicts in Africa, the contribution African intellectuals have made to the subject of cultural diversity management is a matter of great interest. The case study chosen for this paper is Equatorial Guinea. The paper provides an analysis of arguments raised in texts by Equatorial Guinea intellectuals - notably Donato Ndongo Bidyogo, Justo Bolekia Boleká and Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel - that deal with issues of identity and the country's history. It looks at the legacy of colonialism in regard to the empowerment and discrimination of certain ethnic groups in relation to others, reflects on the construction of the post-colonial State, in particular the personalization of politics through a 'father of the nation' figure, and gives an overview of problems relating to issues of ethnic origin, that have been common to the country's two post-colonial dictatorships. It suggests a reading of history that runs counter to the official one, that of the country being founded upon unity, by looking at examples of the 'hijacking' of the State and certain populations within a dictatorial context. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]