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Title:Robert Jabea Kum Dibongue: a French Cameroonian in the Pan-Kamerun Movement
Author:Nfi, Joseph LonISNI
Periodical:Lagos Historical Review (ISSN 1596-5031)
Geographic term:Cameroon
Subjects:political unification
national liberation movements
colonial policy
About person:Robert Jabea Kum Dibongue
Abstract:After the Second World War, the main issue which the nationalists in British Southern Cameroon debated about concerned the reunification of British and French Cameroon. This article analyses the central role played in this debate by Dibongue, a 'settler' who migrated from French-administered Cameroon. The Pan-Kamerun Movement developed amongst Southern Cameroons' intelligentsia after the Second World War. They believed that the colonial-made division was detrimental to the development of the two territories and opposed the 'balkanization' of Kamerun. They were out to remake German Kamerun, hence their spelling of Cameroon with a 'k'. The paper analyses the causes of migration from the French to the British Cameroons immediately after the indigenes were introduced to different colonial masters and different colonial policies after the departure of the Germans. It also shows how these immigrants were accepted and integrated in the host communities in the British Cameroons and how one of them, Robert Jabea Kum Dibongue, initiated and dominated the Pan-Kamerun Movement. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]