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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue
Title:'The Eighteen Million Täwahedo Victims of Martyr-Saint Adyam Sägäd Iyasu': towards a better understanding of Lasta-Tegray defiance of the royal centre of Gondärine Ethiopia (1630s-1760s)
Author:Endeg Mihretie, Kindeneh
Periodical:Aethiopica: International Journal of Ethiopian Studies (ISSN 1430-1938)
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:religious literature
Ethiopian Church
Christian theology
About person:Iyasu I (1654-1706)
External link:https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/699/713
Abstract:Two hagiographies ('gädls'), briefly examined in this study, portray Iyasu I (1654-1706) as a?ägga L?g partisan.?ägga L?g ('Son by Grace') is a view of the mystery of the incarnation that was dismissed as heresy at the 1878 Boru Meda synod. This synod settled the Christological controversy that had beset the Ethiopian Church for two and a half centuries, by declaring Karra (lit. 'knife'), the polemical name for Täwa??do (lit. 'oneness'), as official orthodoxy. What is strange about the accounts of the two gädls is that they seem to contradict one of the doxas of Ethiopian historiography, which is that Iyasu I, a member of the 'Solomonic' dynasty, was a diehard Täwa??do. This study resolves this enigma by showing that during the Gondärine period the Täwa??do teaching, which enjoyed the recognition of the royal centre as orthodoxy, was?ägga L?g. Such revision of the historiography of the doctrinal controversy in turn paves the way for a better understanding of the rebellion of Lasta and southern T?gray, against the monarchial centre of Gondärine Ethiopia. So far, the history of this rebellion is poorly understood due to the wrong assumption that the Karra teaching championed by the Lasta-T?gray group at the time was the same Täwa??do of the monarchial centre. No historian could thus entertain the possibility of a long lasting rebellion in the name of Karra. This study shows that throughout much of the Gondarine period, Karra was rather the doctrine of a third party that defied the centre using Lasta and southern T?gray as safe-heavens. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]