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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Socio-economic transformation in Ghana: comparative analysis of approaches to development in the Nkrumah and Rawlings years
Author:Kpessa, Michael W.
Periodical:Research Review (ISSN 0855-4412)
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:economic policy
heads of State
About persons:Francis Nwia Kofie Nkrumah (1909-1972)ISNI
Jerry John Rawlings (1947-)ISNI
Abstract:Since they attained independence in the Cold War era, national politics and socioeconomic transformation discourse in many African countries, including Ghana, have been shaped by divisions between right-wing elites who favour market-led development, and their left-wing counterparts who argue for a State-led approach to development. In Ghana, the era of President Kwame Nkrumah (1951-mid-1960s) witnessed the adoption of a State-led approach, while the Rawlings era (1980s-2000) was marked by the introduction of a marked-led approach to social and economic transformation. The use of these opposing approaches by the two leaders is puzzling, because both were strongly associated with the left and shared a common vision of development based on socialist principles. This paper provides a comparative analysis of the trajectories of development in Ghana under Nkruman and Rawlings. It shows that the difference in their approaches was shaped by differences in personal ideosyncracies, geopolitics, domestic policy challenges, and the internal control mechanism of their respective governments. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [ASC Leiden abstract]