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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue
Title:African solutions to African problems? The AU, R2P and Côte d'Ivoire
Authors:Abatan, Ella
Spies, Yolanda
Periodical:South African Journal of International Affairs (ISSN 1938-0275)
Geographic terms:Africa
Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
Subjects:political violence
African Union
foreign intervention
responsibility to protect
Abstract:The African continent is inextricably linked to the development of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) norm and the latter's ethical interpretation of the duties associated with state sovereignty. With the African Union (AU) having institutionalised R2P in its legal-institutional foundation of 2000, the stage seemed set for the new African Peace and Security Architecture to demonstrate the continent's ramped-up interventionist approach to security. One of the first cases that presented an opportunity to do so was the humanitarian crisis that erupted after the 2010 elections in Côte d'Ivoire. As the crisis unfolded, however, it became clear that the AU was not only unable to operationalise its institutionalised R2P mechanisms, but indeed reluctant to invoke R2P explicitly. This raises serious concerns about the AU's willingness to intervene in its member states when humanitarian atrocities are perpetrated by governments against their own people, and throws into serious doubt the AU's promise to provide 'African solutions to African problems'. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]