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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Not 'Iwe Irohin' but 'Umshumayeli': a revisit of the historiography of the early African language press
Author:Salawu, AbiodunISNI
Periodical:African Identities (ISSN 1472-5851)
Geographic term:Africa
African languages
Yoruba language
Xhosa language
media history
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/14725843.2014.1002383
Abstract:'Iwe Irohin Yoruba Fun Awon Ara Egba ati Yoruba', founded in 1859, is generally known in Nigerian media studies as not just the first newspaper (in any language) in Nigeria but also the first African language newspaper. Meanwhile, the claim of 'Iwe Irohin' being the first African language newspaper has been refuted with the discovery of the fact that there was one isiXhosa newspaper, 'Umshumayeli Wendaba', which started in 1837. This paper thus argues that 'Umshumayeli' rather than Iwe Irohin was the first African language newspaper. Apart from 'Umshumayeli', there were two other Xhosa language newspapers that predated 'Iwe Irohin'. They were 'Ikwezi' (1844) and 'Isitunywa sennyanga' (1850). This paper concludes with a call for the need to reconstruct African media/press history so that facts are straightened out and disseminated for the knowledge of all. A reason the paper adduced for the hidden history of South African media, and particularly its local language press, is that Media History is not widely and specially taught in the nation's media schools. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]