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Book Book Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The roots of ethnic conflict in Africa: from grievance to violence
Editor:Nasong'o, Shadrack WanjalaISNI
City of publisher:New York City
Publisher:Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN:1137554991; 9781137554994; 9781137555007; 9781137555014
Geographic terms:East Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:political violence
civil wars
ethnic conflicts
ethnic warfare
Abstract:This collective volume examines the prevalent propensity for ethnic political mobilization in Africa, with particular reference to the greater East African region. The book explores the circumstances under which such mobilizations develop into deadly conflict. The basic argument underlying the chapters is that ethnic political mobilization is a function of deeply felt grievances or threats, and whether such mobilization leads to violence depends on the response of incumbant regimes. An introductory theoretically oriented chapter (chapter 2) identifies three critical factors in group mobilization for political action that may lead to violence: 1) the presence of deeply felt threats or fundamental grievances against the regime or against another group; 2) the presence of a political opportunity to mobilize, and 3) the availability of mobilization resources. The chapters 3-8 present studies of civil war and violent conflict in Sudan, Uganda (from violence immediately after independence to the Lord's Resistance Army), the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, and Zanzibar (which in 1964 experienced a particularly bloody revolution). The last chapter (chapter 9) draws lessons from the case studies in this volume, offering practical political and policy approaches to ensure peace, stability and mutual coexistence in ethnically divided societies. Contributions: From grievance to ethnic mobilization: an introduction (Wanjala S. Nasong'o); Explaining ethnic conflicts: theoretical and conceptual perspectives (Wanjala S. Nasong'o); Deep-seated historical and socio-economic grievances: the north-south conflict in the Sudan (Wanjala S. Nasong'o); Conflict trajectory in northern Uganda: its development and nature (Joseph O. Wasonga); Ambiguity of the soil, ambiguity of belonging: grievance, resource avarice, and conflict in eastern DRC (Stephen Mwachofi Singo and Sam Okoth Opondo); Hegemony and counter-hegemony: colonial and post-colonial roots of the Rwandan genocide (CÚline A. Jacquemin); In search of a political identity: the historical basis of understanding Zanzibar's post-colonial dilemma (Martin S. Shanguhyia); The myth of language as a unifying factor: conflict in monolingual Rwanda and Somalia (Tom Onditi Luoch); Managing ethnically divided societies: conclusion (Wanjala S. Nasong'o). [ASC Leiden abstract]