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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Crime, community, and human rights in southeastern Nigeria, then and now
Author:Jell-Bahlsen, SabineISNI
Year:2016
Periodical:Journal of West African History (ISSN 2327-1876)
Volume:2
Issue:1
Pages:115-164
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:crime
punishment
Igbo
communities
human rights
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.14321/jwestafrihist.2.1.0115
Abstract:This article addresses crime and punishment in relation to community and human rights in southeastern Nigeria based on thirty years of observations complemented by additional research. A 1987 crime and its punishment in a rural community are providing a contrast to four violent incidents, their punishment, the absence of a trial, and other human rights violations prevalent in the area. Igbo culture and its socioeconomic and political institutions as well as its religious beliefs and ethics once provided the basis for a person's identity, economic security, and communal safety; the culture enabled prevention and punishment of crime within the community. This situation has changed drastically; the community has lost its clout; the people are disempowered by transnational corporations in collaboration with the nation-state and within the political economy of oil; the indigenous culture is dismantled, indigenous beliefs and ethics are depreciated, and violent crime is now prevalent and committed without impunity and on all levels of society. Human Rights Watch and other international organizations are pointing to potential solutions on the governmental and administrative levels. However, the socioeconomic situation, political economy, cultural-spiritual and individual issues must also be taken into account and addressed, calling for further research towards finding a way out of the current dilemma. Notes, ref., sum., in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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