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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Negotiating the boundaries of power: Abdoulaye Wade, the Muridiyya, and State politics in Senegal, 2000-2012
Author:Babou, Cheikh AntaISNI
Periodical:Journal of West African History (ISSN 2327-1876)
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:heads of State
Muslim brotherhoods
About person:Abdoulaye Wade (1926-)ISNI
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.14321/jwestafrihist.2.1.0165
Abstract:Research on the state and governance in Senegal emphasizes the political role of Muslim orders (brotherhoods). These orders, and especially the Muridiyya, are at the center of the so-called 'Senegalese social contract' which, according to many observers, is the reason for the remarkable political stability of the postcolonial state. This contract, which has been thoroughly discussed by scholars, functions as a system for the exchange of services in which the state and the Sufi orders, even though apparently situated in different sociopolitical spaces, collaborate in preserving peace and stability. Along with other scholars, the author has criticized the notion of 'social contract' especially the underlying assumption that shaykhs have total control over disciples, who are prepared to follow the path laid out by their spiritual guides without concern for their own interests. In this article, the author explores the impact that the momentous political change in the year 2000 had on the relations between temporal and spiritual power in Senegal. He suggests that President Wade's attempt to turn the Muridiyya into a political base is best understood as an experiment in caesaropapism and his failure portends a return to the apparent political neutrality and behind-the-scenes political transactions that have marked the history of the relations between the state and Sufi orders. Notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]