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Title:Naturalism and existenialism in postmodern fiction: a study of Ernest Hemingway's 'The old man and the sea' and Alobwed'Epie's 'The lady with a beard'
Author:Toko Manyaka, Djockoua
Periodical:Annales de la Faculté des Arts, Lettres et Sciences Humaines
Geographic terms:Cameroon
United States
literary criticism
About persons:Alobwed'EpieISNI
Ernest Miller Hemingway (1899-1961)ISNI
Abstract:Ernest Hemingway's contact with African rituals shaped his vision of life. Like Alobwed'Epie, his Cameroonian counterpart, and many other African writers, he views rituals and their correct performance as the essence of life. Using naturalistic and existentialist theories, this article - which compares 'The old man and the sea' and 'The lady with a beard' - argues that through their similar use of ritual and technique, Hemingway and Alobwed'Epie blend in analogous ways, the naturalistic determinism, the existentialist nihilism and necessity of choice. Although natural and social environments are active agents in their protagonists' dramas, they do not deprive them of choice. This study therefore drives to the conclusion that the choices that men and women make and the correct technique they use to exercise these choices enable them to assert their being and monitor their destiny in the face of overwhelming odds. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum in English and French. [Journal abstract]