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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Condomise: an ethnographic study on low condom use among female sex workers in southern Malawi; evidence from Blantyre city
Author:Simengwa, Davie Moses
Periodical:The Society of Malawi Journal
Geographic term:Malawi
infectious diseases
Abstract:Condoms are provided to the Malawian population through various government and non-governmental organizations. A common strategy, however, is lacking and condom use has remained low. In order to find out which factors contribute to the low level of condom use, field work was carried out in Blantyre (Malawi) between April and July 2015. Data was collected through participant observation, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and informal interviews. Additional material was obtained from diaries and other written sources. The population under study consisted of female sex workers (FSWs), clients of sex workers, bar owners, local men and women from Blantyre and voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) counselors. The author finds that several factors influence low condom use among these sex workers: their low socio-demographic status; lack of access to news media; lack of / incorrect knowledge about transmission and prevention of sexually transmitted infections including HIV; unequal gender and power relations; and economic factors. Economic factors can force FSWs to accept clients who refuse to wear a condom, in order not to lose them to another FSW. For some FSWs, however, the risk of contracting a disease prompts them to use condoms with their customers. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]