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Dissertation / thesis Dissertation / thesis
Title:Espaces sociaux transnationaux: pratiques politiques et religieuses liées à la migration des musulmans sénégalais en France et en Allemagne, en particulier pendant les campagnes électorales du nouveau Président du Sénégal, Abdoulaye Wade (1994-2001)
Author:Salzbrunn, M.
Type of thesis:Ph.D. dissertation, Universität Bielefeld
Publisher:Universität Bielefeld
Geographic terms:Senegal
Abstract:In this dissertation, we have attempted to show how religious practices and discourses have played an important role during Senegalese elections, especially during campaigns waged by the new President Abdoulaye Wade, founder of the liberal party, PDS, who replaced the Socialist Party in 2000. In former academic works on Islamic brotherhoods the Tariqa Murîdiyya, most notably, has been considered to be a dominant factor of political influence at the micro and macro levels. However, in my fieldwork (which included qualitative methods) in Senegal, France and Germany, migrants' activities were focused on political change. Thus we have observed a 'privatisation of religion' in the sense of a demystification of religious authorities. The few political orders (Ndigals) expressed by Marabous were not endorsed by the voters. On the other hand, Abdoulaye Wade's relationship with the Mourid brotherhood suggests the continuing importance of religion at the highest political levels. The expansion of new means of communication was decisive in the results of the presidential elections. Our participatory observations during electoral meetings in Paris show how Wade's electoral strategy succeeded: He organised the election campaign from his residence in Versailles because of the growing migrant influence on their families and friends in Senegal. Hence, another aspect of our work is how transnational social spaces have contributed to political change. We have not only examined the retroactive effects of migrant behaviour on transformation processes in Senegal, but also the effects on politics in France and Germany.