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Periodical article Periodical article
Title:Development Priorities in Arid Areas: Who are the experts?
Author:Kelly, H.
Periodical:Rural Africana
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:Tana River - district
Orma - ethnic group
Development - rural
Zone - agroecological
Abstract:At least 80 percent of the total land area in Kenya is presently unsuitable for agriculture. Yet, demographic and economic pressures make the 'development' of such lands a high government priority. This paper examines some of the problems of development in one arid area, Kenya's Tana River District. These problems include environmental degradation, decline in nutritional and health status, decreased economic opportunity, and increased class distinctions and social and political conflict. A discussion of the factors which constrain rural development in Kenya (land use in relation to aridity, population distribution, inequality) is followed by an examination of how they affect Tana River District and particularly the previously nomadic Orma. It is argued that the expertise of indigenous farmers and pastoralists is too often denigrated or ignored. (Source: ASC Documentation).