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Periodical article Periodical article
Title:The Vuna and the Degere: Remnants and outcasts among the Duruma and Digo of Kenya and Tanzania
Author:Walsh, M.
Year:1992
Periodical:Bulletin of the International Committee on Urgent Anthropological and Ethnological Research
Volume:34-35
Pages:133-147
Geographic term:Kenya
Discipline:Anthropology & Ethnology
Subjects:Vuna - ethnic group
Degere - ethnic group
Duruma - ethnic group
Digo - ethnic group
Abstract:The definitions of Vuna and Degere identity and ethnicity are discussed, especially in relation to that of their Mijikenda neighbours and affines. Most of the available evidence suggests that the Degere were originally a group of Oromo-speaking Waata hunter-gatherers who have since become culturally and economically assimilated to the Digo, though the process of acculturation is not entirely complete. The Vuna, meanwhile, appear to be a separate group from the Degere who have assimilated to the Duruma in all but name and the recognition by the Duruma that they are in some way different. While some informants think of them as impoverished Duruma, others link them to the Degere - to the extent of conflating the two groups - and view them as having the same or similar hunter-gatherer origins. In the absence of any evidence for an alternative affiliation, it can be hypothesized that before their assimilation to the Duruma the Vuna were another localized group of Waata, and therefore quite closely related to the Degere living further south. (Source: ASC Documentation).
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