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Book Book
Title:Kwale County Plan for Countering Violent Extremism
City of publisher:Kwale/Nairobi
Publisher:Human Rights Agenda/Republic of Kenya
Geographic term:Kenya
Discipline:Political Science & Government
Subjects:Kwale - county
Abstract:The purpose of the Kwale County Plan to Counter Violent Extremism (KCPCVE) is to define the manifestation and practical measures for countering radicalisation and violent extremism in Kwale County. It guides the people of Kwale working with the County Government and national security agencies to prevent radicalisation and recruitment into violent extremist groups, and contribute to restorative efforts for those already radicalised or who have joined violent extremist groups. This plan approaches CVE through two broadly defined themes of Prevention and Restorative Efforts. The first part of the plan makes use of six interlinked efforts: formative; anticipatory; targeted intervention; disengagement; rehabilitation; and reintegration. These components are used to define and present the manifestation of VE in Kwale. Each of the six components is expected to generate interventionist activities by addressing the core aspects in the pull and push factors in the specific locale in which they occur. While this may sound obvious, there is a substantial risk that undue emphasis is placed on unemployment, poverty and other structural factors. While such issues may be of considerable relevant in Kwale, they are certainly not in themselves sufficient conditions for the occurrence of VE and in specific contexts they may not even be necessary. The second component of the plan defines the most appropriate models of responding to the VE situation. In Kwale, convergence of extremist religious ideology, political marginalisation, unemployment and poverty have served as catalysts for recruitment into violent extremist groups like Al-Shabaab and the so called Islamic State of Iraq and the Syria (ISIS). Since CVE activities have been ongoing in Kwale county, they have sought to strengthen community and citizen mobilisation against VE. However, radicalisation and terrorist violence persists. It is therefore crucial that these mobilisation efforts against radicalisation and recruitment be enhanced. (Report Summary).