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Book chapter Book chapter Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The War of Degradation: Black Women's Struggle against Orange Free State Pass Laws, 1913
Author:Wells, Julia C.ISNI
Book title:Banditry, Rebellion and Social Protest in Africa
Geographic terms:Orange Free State
South Africa
Subjects:political action
influx control
Ethnic and Race Relations
Law, Legal Issues, and Human Rights
Cultural Roles
Labor and Employment
Abstract:This chapter looks at resistance by black women in 1913 to the imposition of passes in the Orange Free State. It deals with an urban environment, and with a fairly highly developed national market which drew on both male and female labour. The author analyses a pattern of peaceful protest and defiance, inspired in part by contemporary British suffragettes, and examines the circumstances which made peaceful means successful. The womens's victory, however, was two-edged. The coercive designs of the female pass laws were simply replaced by new more sophisticated means of control. Notes, ref.